Despair and sadness affect most of us from time to time. Everything is not always fun – and both major and minor circumstances can cause us to lose desire and energy for shorter periods. But if the such situation persists for a longer period, more than two weeks, it may be because you are depressed. Almost half of all women and a quarter of all men in a country like Sweden have a real depression at some point in their lives that needs to be treated with therapy or medicine, according to the Health Guide.
EARLY SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION
What triggers the lingering gloom is not always identifiable. It may be a specific event, but just as often it depends on a combination of several different factors.
Regardless of the background, depression usually manifests itself in a number of specific ways, which you should pay attention to if you are at risk.
Here we list eight of them:
1. You are not be happy with the same things as before
Suddenly, dinner with the girl gang just feels boring and the daily jogging trip is completely unnecessary. You would rather be at home on the couch in front of the TV – and the set commitments are increasing. Depression does not often lead to an apathetic state when one feels indifferent to the social, physical and emotional life.
2. You are easily irritated
In depression, stress resilience often decreases and you become more easily irritated by small things that would not normally cause emotional outbursts.
3. You think of death
If you are thinking about ending your life, looking for information about suicide online or wondering how family, friends and acquaintances would react if you disappeared, it is an urgent warning signal that you should seek professional help from the psychiatry, health care center, or medical counselor. Most people who suffer from depression have more or less volatile suicidal thoughts, according to Danuta Wasserman, professor at the National Center for Suicide Research and Prevention of Mental Illness at the Karolinska Institute.
4. You get panic and anxiety attacks
Panic anxiety and depression are closely related. For example, prolonged stress can lead to both one and the other. A panic attack usually manifests itself in palpitations, sweating and dizziness, and by concern is meant in this case a more prolonged state of panic, obsession or fixation.
5. You eat less – or more – than usual
Many people who feel ill mentally or are preoccupied with thoughts of anxiety lose their appetite or simply forget that they need to eat. For others it can be the other way around: the hard feelings and thoughts lead to overeating or comforting oneself with uselessness.
6. You sleep too little – or too much
Sleep problems and headaches are common symptoms of depression. Some suffer from sleep difficulties and problems with waking up during the night due to anxiety – while others get tired and sleep more than usual as a result of the lack of sleep and want to escape the painful feelings.
7. You have no energy
“Inertia” and sleepiness can be a natural consequence of the preceding points: too little food or sleep. But it can also be a direct consequence of walking around feeling sadness and hopelessness for a longer period. Emotional pain takes a lot of energy and can make you feel tired and inactive. In such case you should check if your fatigue can be a hidden depression.
8. You have trouble concentrating
When feelings of sadness and emptiness dominate the brain, it is easy to lose interest in, or even forget, the outside world. As a result, you do not have the power to focus or concentrate on things that are usually easy to accomplish, such as daily housework or tasks.